2012 Conference

China and Inner Asia Session 349

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China in World Politics and Global Governance

Organizer: Erik French, Syracuse University, USA

Chair: Hongying Wang, Syracuse University, Canada

Discussant: Kathy Hochstetler, University of Waterloo, Canada

The current and future roles of China in world politics are of great interest to academics and policymakers alike. In particular, China’s rapid growth has made it imperative that we understand both the forces driving China’s involvement abroad and the impact which Chinese foreign policy will have on the rest of the world. This panel addresses several key topics related to China’s foreign policy and its participation in global governance in order to further our understanding of these critical dynamics in contemporary international affairs. In “An Un-Civil World View?: Foreign Policy Elites, the Global Times and China’s Foreign Relations,” Allen Carlson, Jason Oaks, and Anna Bautista Young examine the influence of China’s foreign policy elite on China’s agenda abroad. Yong Deng delves into the concept of international responsibility in China’s foreign policy in “Global Authority Structure and the State: China and the Problem of ‘International Responsibility,’” and discusses how power, legitimacy, and interests have shaped China’s involvement in world politics. Margaret Pearson, Scott Kastner, and Chad Rector explore how China’s foreign policy behavior and approach to cooperation varies across different issue areas in “Lead, Follow, Reform, or Spoil? China in Multilateral Governance.” Finally, in “China’s Participation in Global Governance in Comparative Perspective,” Hongying Wang and Erik French assess China’s role in global governance and evaluate the reasons for its under-performance relative to comparable states.

An Un-civil World View?: Foreign Policy Elites, the Global Times and China’s Foreign Relations
Allen Carlson, Cornell University, USA

In recent years the rise of societal influences on China’s foreign relations has attracted a great deal of attention; yet, most of the academic work on this subject has generally overlooked the formation of popular ideas about China’s place in world politics. This paper stems from the contention that only when this dynamic is better understood will it be possible to develop more compelling arguments about the effect of Chinese public opinion on policy. More specifically, the paper examines the role that Chinese foreign policy elites, especially those considered to have particularly nationalist views, now have in framing China’s current foreign policy agenda. It accomplishes this task by first forwarding a more rigorous structure for identifying the most prominent members of this community and categorizing their world views. It then utilizes such a framework to guide a study of the widely read Huanqiu Shibao (Global Times), a newspaper commonly viewed as China’s most “nationalistic”, with the dual intent of determining the degree to which such a reputation is deserved and assessing its influence on both popular opinion and foreign policy making. In so doing the paper is intended as a step toward developing an alternative perspective on emerging trends that the existing literature has largely tackled through a focus on survey data and social protests. Co-authors: Jason Oaks 214 White Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853 Graduate Student Cornell University Anna Bautista Young 214 White Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853 Graduate Student Cornell University

Global Authority Structure and the State: China and the Problem of “International Responsibility”
Yong Deng, U. S. Naval Academy, USA

The idea of international responsibility is perhaps as important as “peace and development” in Chinese foreign policy. Yet we know little of its precise origins, role, and meaning. Arguments along the lines of socialization, British international society, and compliance tend to be one sided focusing on China’s reactions. Here I look at how power, legitimacy, and interests coalesced to form a global authority structure that gave rise to Chinese self-identity as a “responsible major power,” a publicly stated standard/demand of engagement by the United States, in the mid-1990s. But events quickly shattered the complacency and confidence over the endurance of the world order. A decade later, the authority structure had been severely destabilized if not fractured. As such China began to resist call for international responsibilities, to stress primacy of “core interests,” and even to turn the table on the West accusing the latter of its international failures. The evolution of the idea reveals much about the continuity and change in Chinese foreign relations and offers important insights into the transformation underway in world politics at large. It also underscores the need, and suggests ways, to rebuild a shared sense of responsibility among established and emerging powers under a reconfigured global arrangement of power, legitimacy, and interests.

China’s Participation in Global Governance in Comparative Perspective
Hongying Wang, Syracuse University, Canada

As the second largest economic power and the third biggest trading power in the world, China may be expected to play a major role in global governance. Thus far this does not seem to have been the case. In this paper, we address this interesting phenomenon. The first part of the paper describes China’s participation in global governance. Using original comparative data, we demonstrate that overall China has “under-participated” in global governance in recent years. Its financial, personnel, and ideational contribution to major issues of global governance has fallen behind comparable countries. The second part of the paper seeks to explain why this may have been the case. We find that China’s “under-participation” in global governance thus far is rooted in the primacy of domestic concerns for China’s leaders, the weakness of China’s non-state sector, as well as the mutual suspicion between China and the so-called international community. The third part of the paper develops some general hypotheses regarding the factors that influence countries’ involvement in global governance. We then test these hypotheses through a structured comparative study of China and three other countries – Japan, Canada and Brazil. The goal of this paper is to enhance our understanding of China’s role in global governance and to enrich the theoretical literature on global governance. Co-author: Erik French 100 Eggers Hall, Syracuse University, NY 13244 Graduate Student Syracuse University